The Science Behind Collapsed Dough and How You Can Fix It

You’re an avid baker and you’re making your favorite homemade bread recipe. Everything is going great.

You’ve followed the recipe to a tee and you can’t wait to enjoy a delicious slice of warm, freshly-baked bread.

But when you take your bread out of the oven, something is off—your dough has collapsed! What happened? Why did your dough collapse? 


The Reason Behind Collapsed Dough:

The answer lies in understanding how yeast works. Yeast is what gives bread its rise—it feeds on the sugars in the dough and produces carbon dioxide bubbles, causing it to expand during baking.

If there’s too much yeast or not enough sugar in the dough, then these bubbles will be released too quickly and cause it to collapse before it’s finished baking.

1. Not Enough Gluten:

The same thing happens if there’s not enough gluten in the dough; without gluten to hold the gas bubbles in place, they just escape from the loaf as it bakes. 

2. Over-Proofing:

Another common culprit for collapsed bread is over-proofing.

After kneading, proofing allows time for the yeast to let off gas bubbles and make your dough light and airy.

But if you let it proof too long, especially with higher hydration levels (doughs with more than 50% water content), then those gases can expand past their limit and burst through the surface of your loaf while it bakes, causing it to deflate or even collapse completely.  

3. Baking Temperatures:

Finally, improper baking temperatures can also lead to collapsed loaves.

If your oven temperature is too low or not consistent throughout baking, then that means that some parts of your loaf are still rising while other parts have already set—again leading to an unevenly shaped loaf or one that’s collapsed entirely. 

Tips and Tricks for Dealing with a Collapsed Dough 

Have you ever been in the middle of making a delicious recipe and noticed that your dough has suddenly collapsed?

This can be a very discouraging experience, especially if you don’t know how to fix it.

Fortunately, there are several things you can do to salvage your collapsed dough and get back on track. Let’s take a look at some tips and tricks for dealing with collapsed dough

1. Fixing a Collapsed Dough:

The first thing to do is determine what caused the collapse.

Common causes include too much liquid or oil, overworking the dough, or using too much flour.

Once you’ve identified the cause, you can begin to make adjustments to fix the problem. 

If the cause was too much liquid or oil in your recipe, try adding more flour and kneading until all ingredients are combined. You may also need to add more dry ingredients such as baking powder or yeast if the recipe calls for them.

If this doesn’t work, it may be necessary to start over with a new batch of dough. 

If the cause was overworking the dough, try rolling out smaller portions at once. This will help prevent overworking as well as making sure that all ingredients are evenly distributed throughout each portion of dough.

Additionally, use plenty of flour when rolling out each portion so that your hands aren’t sticking to it while you work. 

Finally, if you used too much flour when preparing your dough, try adding small amounts of water until you reach the desired consistency. You may also want to adjust other ingredients such as sugar or salt in order to balance out any flavor changes that resulted from using extra flour in your recipe. 

Diagnosing the Causes of Slack Bread Dough 

The consistency should be soft and smooth, not sticky or overly wet. If your dough is too slack, it will likely fall flat in the oven instead of rising into a beautiful loaf.

So, what causes this issue? Let’s take a look at three possible causes. 

1. Too Much Liquid 

One of the most common causes of slack bread dough is adding too much liquid when making your dough. This can be an easy mistake to make if you do not have an accurate measuring cup on hand.

Make sure that you are measuring out all liquids with a kitchen tool that offers accuracy—this often means going one size up from what you think you need.

For example, if the recipe calls for 1 cup of water, use a 1-cup measuring cup but fill it only until the indicated ½ cup line rather than spilling over into the 1-cup marker.  

2. Too Little Yeast 

Another potential cause of slack bread dough is using too little yeast in your recipe. Yeast plays an important role in activating gluten and helping your dough rise as well as giving it flavor and texture.

If you are using dry yeast, make sure that you measure out exactly how much yeast is needed for your recipe; if you are using active dry yeast, make sure that you prove it before adding it to your ingredients.

Also, consider swapping out dry yeast for instant yeast when possible; doing so will give your dough an extra boost and help fix any issues related to under-proofed yeast or inaccurate measurements.  

3. Too Much Gluten:

The third cause of overly wet bread dough can be attributed to too much gluten present in the flour being used in the recipe.

Gluten helps create structure and body within loaves of bread; however, having too much gluten can lead to a dense and heavy end product with the minimal rise in the oven due to its slackness prior to baking.

If this issue persists even after checking other items like liquid measurements and yeast levels, consider swapping out some all-purpose flour with cake flour or whole wheat flour; these flours have less gluten in them than all-purpose flour which can lead to better results overall.  


Slack bread dough can be a disheartening result when baking homemade loaves but understanding why this happens is key to preventing it from happening again!

It’s important to remember that fixing a collapsed dough isn’t always an easy task; however, by understanding what caused it and making appropriate adjustments accordingly, you can salvage your recipe without having to start from scratch!

Whether it’s due to too much liquid or oil in your recipe, overworking the dough while kneading it, or adding too much flour—these tips should help get you back on track with minimal effort! Good luck!

Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc, or its affiliates.

Kapnos Taverna Author - Small
About the author

Natalie is a food enthusiast who spends all of her time trying out new recipes, testing out new appliances, and making her kitchen as awesome as possible. She is a professional writer and blogs here about her love of food & kitchen.

Leave a Comment